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Guatemala

SOARING BEAR Ph.D. Pharmacology
Scientific advisor to the health professions & herbal industry

History, Government, Elections, Mining,
History Maya: maya - southernmaya - mainsites - digsites -

500 years of oppression: Spanish conquest 1524, a token independence due to Spain crushed by Napoleon, followed by a procession of dictators until a real revolution of 1944 and democratic election, that lasted until CIA overthrow of 1954 (Truman planned, Johnson legislated, Bush voted, Eisenhower executed) and another procession of dictators.

History Alvarado Conquest 1524-7: restall - restall - restall - mythsRestall - santiago - Piel - churchruleTimeline - infighting - Megged2013 - Akkeren2008 - Dary2008 -
Quauhquechollan Lienzo de San Martin Huaquechula de Puebla where Olmec went 400BC: wiki - AlvaradoRoute - Alvarado1525 - AlvaradoTimeline - wikiQuauh - Dicyt - picDicyt - picBranko - QuauhquechollanUFM - UFMabout - picDoaks - pennvideo - ortizTedVideo - esri - periodico - mapofweek - ubc - revue - MayaPage - Cronicas111&163 - Lienzo Tlaxcala: Cronicas165 -

History Spanish Oppression: Viceroy of New Spain and CaptaincyGeneralGuatemala and AudienciaGuate - 16thCenturyStanislawski - Bartolome de las Casas - Bartolome de las Casas - BernalDiazdelCastillo - Bertrand - SpainGoldDecadence - MayaRevolt1700s - 1773quakeCapitalMoved - SpanishSmallpox1780 - From Alvaredo conquest of 1520s to 1810 Spain managed the huge American empire for profit, with untold numbers of shiploads of gold taken from the natives, which attracted pirates who teamed up with England to take away British Honduras. Operating thousandands of miles of territory from Oregon to the tip of Chile, calling Central America the Kingdom of Guatemala run by a captain general. Spain weakened by Napoleon wars had the new SpanishConstitution of 1812 that was too liberal for feudal landowners of Central America. After 3 centuries of Spainish oppression there were 2 more centuries of rebellions and civil war.


History Independence & Borders: With Spain crumbling under Napoleon, England, and civil war, the rebellions of 1810 in Mexico and 1811 in Salvador resulted in the Plan of Iguala and Mexican Independence in 1821 led by Iturbide which included all of Central America under the First Mexican Empire (replicating 1500s Aztec dominance over the Maya). The last captain general of Guatemala (appointed by King of Spain) Gainza (Gainza), with Mexican troops on the border, turned on his king and with a dozen Spanish-Guatemalans declared a hollow independence from Spain, welcoming General Vicente Filísola with 500 troops as Mexican governor of Guatemala. There was some stalling of Iturbide until the Mexican empire collapsed by 1823. This power vacuum allowed feudal landowners in Guatemala and Panama to form United Provinces of Central America as a nation including Guatemala, Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica. This too soon collapsed into civil war until Morazan from Honduras invaded Guatemala City in 1830, who enacted some liberal policies (land reform, divorce) that were too much for the conservative landowners who continued with civil war until Morazan was defeated in 1840 by Carrera, with Clan Aycinena, who reversed the liberalism and lured in German coffee growers with land grants, and was declared emperor for life, until he died 1865, and followed by Carrera's hand picked loyal aide. Revolt in the western highlands culminated by Justo Rufino Barrios leading a ragtag army of 2000 (with 1000 new rifles from the US) into Guatemala City in the Revolution of 1871. Rufino Barrios reduced church control but let whites register Mayan lands; conservatives allied with Honduras but lost.

It took guts for Gainza to turn on his king but he didn't to Iturbide and quickly faded away. It hardly seems like the Mexican Empire was independence for Guatemala. Armies marched into Guatemala City (1830-Morazan, 1840-Carrera, 1871-Barrios) for control rather than independence. 1871 was called the liberal revolution (of highlands Maya) but Justo Rufino Barrios was backed by Mexico and despised the poor indigenous who put him into power. His decade of rule was followed by another century of violence, revolts, coups, intrigue, gross corruption (putting various presidents into jail or exile), leaving Guatmala tetering on the edge of being nearly a failed government.

Bustamente&Gainza&Carrera of the early 1800s were in a position similar to the 20th century Soviet countries that are still finding their way decades later. Maps and borders hardly existed so there was a century of competing claims and many army invasions. Even now the border between Guatemala and Belize is in dispute. Soconusco was taken from Guatemala by a Mexico invasion by Santa Anna 1842. Carrera signed away Belize to limit the Yucatan Maya Caste Wars revolt of the time. Where was freedom, liberty, democracy in all this?

historycapsule - BarriosInvadeSalvador - BarriosBiog - 1871revoltEnciclop - 1871revoltWiki - 1871revoltRuta - 1871revoltPrensa - José Cecilio del Valle -
CentralAmerRepub - Independence - pacificplan - Aycinena - CarreraMorazan - Anton - dlocBooksMaps - dlocGuate - census1880 - Pretorianismo -

Land grabs: QuicheLandtoMilitia1905 -
History Guate-Belize border: is a Maya human rights issue for division of their lands villages and families, created by a claim by some pirates and runaway slaves (who paid stolen Spanish gold for British imperialist support) that led to an artificial border that did not include the very people living in the area, including Manche Ch'ol , Yalain and Mopan. Mayans have populated the Belize area (ambergris) for thousands of years and never given it up. The 1859 contract, so often mentioned, was between Guatemala general Carrera ("supreme and perpetual leader") and English Queen Victoria who were jointly more concerned with the conquering the Maya uprising of the Caste War. Maya who lived there were never party to the treaty between England queen Victoria and Guatemala king Carrera, and in fact division of the Maya was the intention, to stop the Caste War. wiki - Aycinena-Wyke Treaty 1859 - GuateTreaties - PortilloBackground2010 - SylvestreConsul1997 - Perez2009 - Leslie2016 -
A Maya uprising back in the 1850's was divided and conquered by the unelected royalty of England & Guatemala (no input from residents) and now continue to suffer. 6fishermenSeized -
  Carrera: wiki - bio -

  British Invasion Conquest: timeline - wikihistory - history - SpainEngland - mongabay - MayaNotSpaininCharge - BritSupt1749 - TreatyParis1763logwoodpermitWithoutMaya - Versailles1783logpermitonSpanishLand - 1786ConvLondonSpainrules - 1798StGeorgeCayeBattle - 1821SeptCentAmerIndep - 1823-40CentAmRepublic - 1840EngLawInvoked - 1847YucatanCasteWarIndep&movesouth - 1854congress - 1862MexicoInvasion - BritColony1862 - MayaAtlas - Bolland - belizeGlobe - StaCruz13 -
Guate-Belize border dispute: GuatBorderDispute - GuateBelizeAdjacency - EnglandDuplicity -

History Guate-Honduras border: The first Honduran constitution, in December 1825, asserted the territory was identical with the Diocese of Honduras, but no further description. During the Central American Federation, which ended 1840, the only boundary dispute between Guatemala and Honduras was over Omoa port (near Puerto Cortes). Copan disagreement in 1843 led to Treaty of Friendship July 19 1845 with a border commission that met Sept-Oct 1847 in Ocotepeque which agreed only on Cima de la Cuchilla de las Dantas, near Cerro Brujo. 1895 treaty (ratified 1896) established a new border commission and meetings finally occurred 1908-10 near Copan which affirmed Cerro Brujo. In 1910 Honduras wanted to survey the left bank of Motagua River to Lake Izabal and British Honduras, which Guatemala refused. 1914 treaty (ratified 1915) affirmed the 1895 one, and submitted disagreements to the US president. Clashes along Montagua led to US Dept of State meetings 1918-1920 and American Geographical Society report Oct 1919, and International Central American Tribunal in 1923. Aerial photo survey Dec 1932. Tribunal 1931-33 of US Chief Justice Hughes, Dr. Bello-Codesido of Chile (picked by Honduras), and Dr. Castro Urefia of Costa Rica (picked by Guatemala), drew line from Cerro Montecristo to the mouth of the Motagua River. Fisher, Am J Intl Law 27:403 1933 - treaty1933 - platt - orozco - Orozco - USState76 -

History 1930s-40s Ubico: wiki - wikiguate - Resignation - smitha -
History 1940s Cutler Syphilis: NationalArchives - boundaries1951 - MedExperiments40s - mcneil -
History Oct 20 1944 revolution: OctRev - OctRev - OctRev - 44revolution - 1944Revolution - Oct20 - Oct20 - Oct20 - CastilloSanJoseBuenaVista -
 History Arevalo 45-51: wiki - smitha -
 History Arbenz 51-54: realstory - wiki - iconic - schoolnet - answers - biobookrags - periodico2013 - greenleft - ArbenzDestruction -
 History reforms 48-54: dca -
History 1954 coup by CIA summary: globalsecurity - TrumanInitiatedJohnsonLegislatedSR91PrescottBushVotedEisenhowerExecuted - TrumanPBfortune1952 - PBsuccessWiki - PBsuccessCIA - SR91text - SR91vote - SR91 - 54coup - BlumSummary - BlumKillingHope - KillingHope - ParadiseAshesManz - BitterFruit - AmbroseIkePg215 - Lusher - Kirch - Streeter - bodiesLeadtoUS - remember2014 - DullesvArbenz - Dulles - CIAdocuments - CIAplan - CIAplot - CIA - CIA - recruiting - opalocka - apology - Streeter - millervideo - model - rabe - doyle - karabell - guatelandreform - CIAhistlists - UnitedFruit - UnitedFruitZemurray - AllenDulles - JFDulles - Dulles - schlesinger - bananarepublic - robin -
 1954 coup pieces: Trumandoctrine - Eisenhower - IkePressGuateIran747 -
 "the majority of the Guatemalan people rose to defeat the first specific attempt of Communist imperialism to establish a beachhead in this hemisphere" pg 781 Eisenhower papers

History 1960 Guate-Cuba: Che - Che54 - bayofPigs - ColomApology - Fuentes - Nation -
History 1970s-96: photos1980s - worldbankfinancingarmy - drainingterror80-84 - reaganImpunity - aaasCEH - GenLopezFuentes - jps - wiki - StateViolence1960-96 - Schirmer - global - thirdworld - third - nationsencyc - DrainingtheSea - HRW - truthcommission - civilwar - dowker - golding - wingsfamilyplanning - wings - worldDigLib - Melini - MauricioLopezBonilla - BonillaNoGenocide - Gramajo - Nairn - pressfreedom - kidnappinginUS - Panzos78 - Rabinal82 - DriverKillings - corn&politics - GtHumanRightsComm - GtSolidarityNet - DosErres - DosRR - DosRR - DosRRwitness - DosRRkidnap - Choc - Feffer - RebellionRisk - minorities - deported - Reparations2011 - coha - compensation - quest - envio - dirty - declassifiedUSfiles - rebelsdenounced - D2IntelPerez - pre87victimsdenied - Victoria82 - Sacuchum - ReaganAccessory - ethelbert - young - bonesComalapa - 2015advances - militaryAmnesty -
  1982: Payeras -
  Aguacate 1988: oas - post - upside - periodico - periodico - bradenton -
  Chixoy Dam: RioNegro - ChixoyRelocation - Resettlement - ChixoyReparation - waiting30yr - ChixoyTerror - ChixoyTerror - RioNegro - reparationHeldback - intlriv - proposal - reparation - restitution - restitution - reparation - reparation - IADB - unpaid2015 - stalled - firstpay2015 - ruben -
 President General Romeo Lucas García 78-82: aaas -
 Pres Cerezo 86-90: wiki - wikiguate - cidob - 89coup -
 Pres Portillo: audittransfers - portillo - portilloAcuited - reviewed -
 Captain Rodolfo Muñoz Piloña:
 Montt: MonttYates - Montt - Montt11 - Montt - Montt82 - IxilMonttEvangScott - anabaptist - charges - trialday1 - trial - ReaganMontt - Israel - churchrole - summarytrialorg - summarynisgua - farsedefense - challenge - granitoVideoexcerpts - judgeFlores - judgePatFlores - refusal - challenge - gerald - senttoFlores - CChold - CChold - CChold - resume - resume - resume - resume - chalenges - newyorker - justice - conviction - appeal - excesses - annulpart - annul - lessons - flaws - JuneDelayto2014 - delay - grinding - amnesty - amnesty - amnesty - YasminBarriosSuspended - YasminBarriosSuspended - CongressVote - genocideDenial2014 - amnesty - FloresReversed - FloresRev - FloresRev - FloresRev - Burtsummary - overturned - summary - lawyerKilled - PalomoLawyer - trial2015 -
  Plan Sofia: doyle - doyle - IxilSofia1982 - armyplan1982 - montt - docfind07 - docfind10 - LopezFuentes -
  Secret Police Archive: AHPNarchive - archiveopens - hrdag - post - herald - PNCarchiveGWU - PNCarchiveUtex - memory - amnesty - benetech - starving -
Erwin Sperisen: trial - arrest - arrest - periodico -

Main Conflicts: 6longConflicts2014 - persistentFailure -

Crime Security violence impunity corruption: USarmyWarCol - security - crimezones - crime - CAmCrimePoll - CTC - worldbank2011 - squeeze2010 - cicig - CICIGprogress - cicig2011 - Dudley - chronicviolence - CIACS - duermientes - OverdickTigre - peacecorppullback - peacecorpwithdraw - crimedecline - improving2011 - violencedown - nonprofitONGhousing - privateSecurityCompanies - MarleneBlancoLapola - gangtruce - percentage - PNCrise&fall - deathsOct2012 - prisoncontract - impunityHigh2012 - PNC4500mo - copsarrestedevery2d - deathrates2013 - murders2013 - 2014noimprovement - IGSS7mil - Isaacs2014 - CICIGjudges - CongressInvestigates - 80,300 killings 1997-2013 - 2014 - map - jetsetRulers - 18humanRightsActivists2013 - 70unionists5yr - impunityHurtsAll - AmbassadorRobinson14 - CorruptionTaxonomy - CICIG2015PerezBiden - CICIG2015PerezBiden - CICIGPerez - hausmann - cicigVelaquez - road - moneyLaundering - velasquez - taxfreeMfgCallCtr - RussellPrison - covial - gangs -
Lynching: Fernandez2004 - lynch2011 - lynch2011 - lynch2012 - lynch2013 -
RichPoor Divide: pico - LowTaxHaven - photokids - deportedReturnees - inequality - laborRights - childlabor - RosalinaTuyuc - Tuyuc - 120kTitlesto3k - GuateLagsBolivia - LandTheftElEstor -
Unions: attacks2013 - WorkerRightsWorst - ITUC - 500yrLandGrabs -
Evangelical Pentacostal - sincere compassion, oportunism, disguised imperialism, alcoholism, communal lands, antiliberation theology: IxilMonttEvangScott - cobb - Juarez - counterinsurgent - showalter08 - cook - waldrop - holland1980 - serrano - serrano93 - serranazo - crecimiento2010 - crecimiento - EvangHope -
Influencers: Gonzalez -
Jireh Aparacio: MoralesContract -

History Leadership: Berger2003 - UN - politicalFamilies - campaignViolations -
 Colom 2007-11: squeeze2010 - ColomPlan07 - Colom2010 - Colom2010 - Rosenberg - Rosenberg2012 - RosenbergLawyerShot - Colom2012 - Finance -
ComiteCampesinoAltiplano: ccda - 2010 - ComiteUnidadCampesina - 48cantonsLeader - Campesino Unity Committee (CUC) -
alcalde Indigena, COCODE cofradia: basis - red - melecio - barrios0 - barrios13 - barrios - chichi - 63-81 - pana - tecpan - duran - 07 - pana - indigenousReps - justice - indigenousJustice -

Election 2019:
Movimiento Pueblo: start -
Election 2015: parties2014 - 11parties - Barrientos - campaign2014 - domicileFixed - pressAttacks - CICIGmoney - CICIGmonitoring - lameduckVacuum - pollMay - ballots - doubts - results -
 Manuel Baldizon Lider: plazapub - dolores - todo - baldizon - fb - elect2011 - 60kpaid - BaldizonLider - interview2013 - 2013 - LiderRise2014 - LiderUnitesMajority - Barquin - majorityleader - warts - press - campaign - blackmailArchila - Xelagun - campaignViolations - notoca - psych - bigmoney - BarquinLaunder - BarquinMoney - liesCICIG - BarquinDeny - chiefs - CICIGforeign - 14lies7min - Barquin - results - results - TorresMorales - runoffresults - taxrise - mayorsReelected - harvard - subsidy -
 2015 congress: s21 - periodico - periodico - SandraMoran - leader - 16elimbyTSE - 2017parties -
 Sandra Torres: power - Torres - Torres - Torres - Torresdivorce - campaign - platform - richlinks - loss -
 Alejandro Sinibaldi Aparicio: wiki - prensa - periodico - periodico - fb - nomination - nomination - sanction - sanction - Yaxhafarm - rights - sins - petrobras - petrobras - brazilloan - suspendbanking - petrobras - petrobras - quitPPsecy - fertilizer - maneuvers - quitPP -
 Mauricio Lopez Bonilla: MauricioLopezBonilla - BonillaNoGenocide - ready - supportsSinibaldi -
 Jimmy Morales FCN: wiki -wikiGuate - plan - biog - biog - biog - flake - interview - nodegree - vision - FCNarmy - fb - candidate - 10% - 27% - 14 - 16 - 34 - 20 - 25 - moralejas7Sun830 - LA - 26lead - lead26 - campaign - impunity - generals - generals - militaryappeal - militarybacking - militaryFinancing - doctorate - centralAides - win - chimal - plans - scam - plans - budget - vague - belize - belize - taxcacif - empty - Platero - fables - crisis16 - budget16 - cabinetdelay - cabinet - challenges - cabinet - cabinet - cabinet - cabinet - cabinet - cabinet - speech - speech - speech - govMarch - gov - govAgentRodriguez - lame - lame - teacherswin - 100dAccomp - congruentwithMil - mack - militaryPolicing - weak - taxreform - BroSammy - BroSon - rainDecree 5-2016 - rainDecree - DecreeAnnul - ReviseNotAnnul - criticizeMedia - riottank - newDecree - JoseSon - ratifyplea - nocrisis - congressdenies - procurementNew - nepotism - impeach - aidslow -
 Jafeth Cabrera Franco: wiki - wikiguate - s21 - bribes - interview -
  FCN: wiki - fb - upside - cmi - Ovale - changeparties - defectors - denounce - Cabreramistake - 26seats - defectors - 27seats - 18added - FCNmoney -
   Justin Edgar Ovale Maldonado: cmi - impeach - nomada -
  Expatrulleros de Autodefensa: wiki - wikiGuate - amnesty  -  
  Congress 2016: prensa - s21 - committees -
  Mario Taracena Congress leader 2016: profile - cv - s21 - prensa - periodico - oust - oust - confortable -

Election 2011: wiki - GT - ElectionResults2011 - TSEtribunal - law - MiradorElectoral - parties - Batzin - Cordero2011 - Arzu - Arzuappt - ArzuSecrets - Schieber - census - novak - telenovela - URNG - URNG - Aug22 - Aug24 - mineroyalty - Sep5 - Sep8 - Mirador - Riskareas - Sep9 - Sep10 - Sep10 - women - Sep11cs - Sep11huff - TSEresults - newcongress - Sep12 - victoria - SugerCreoCasa - brookings - violations - Sep27 - twobad - businesswk - insight - wsj - partypayments - voteanalysis - congressIdeology -
Alex Cruz Otto Perez Molina: capo - risefall - Ixilorders - Ixilorders - Ixilorders - reply - reply - reply - IxilReversal - Molina - PerezMolinaProfile - MolinaProfilePlaza - mondeInterview - PerezPast - Perezpast - economicplan - PerezMolina - MolinaEconomist - MolinaInterview - MolinaInterview82 - Molinawikileaks - Molinaleak - Molinaleak - Molinaleak - Perez83 - MolinaPP - Molina - Molina - Molina05 - MolinaPP - MolinaDenial - MolinaCrime - MolinaDonors - Smith - bettergov - QuicheBeating - PPcopiesUNEbudget - BaldettiBio - Baldetti - Baldetti - Baldetti - BaldettiCorruption - BaldettiReaction - BaldettiSuspended - assets - D2IntelPerez - crackdown - welfarechange - 90d - 110d - PerezBaldetti - Alamilla - Alamilla - HambreCero - 6monthsnoProgress - 6moNoChange - 6mo - scholarshipsReduced - 8mo - miningletdown - impeach - cabinet1yr - 1yr - 1yr - contradictions - taxreform - businessBergerRelat - IGGSboss - controversies2013 - poll2013 - progress2013 - PeriodicoFight2014 - progress2014 - progress2014 - associates - kidsmigrating - ReichLobbyist - JusticeManipulation - 2012taxreformFailed - outsourceTaxCollection - brother - deficits - wealth - corruptionDeep - reform - IndigenousFailed - prisonsCorruption - impeachAllowed - PerezCSJ - PerezCSJ - PerezDarkdays - 2/3ofMinistros - impeachPanel - impeachPanel - landbuying2015 - 88%no - resignAttack - prison - dignity - goldman - MedinaFarfan - ByronLima - Lima - jail2016 - precedentsofReform - powerfromJail -
Perez drug decriminalization: drugwar - nyreview - interview - summit - hype -
2012tax changes: prensa - prensa1/27 - prensa2/23 - aq3/9 - prensa3/14 - decreto 10-2012 - guardian - plazapub - carimporttax -
 Roberto Alejos: wiki - noticias - campaign - corruptionlaw - interview12 - siglo21 - AlejosDefeated - todos2015 -
 Luis Armando Rabbe tejada: profile - demonsreturn - PresCongress - PresCongress - dealforbonds - AlejosDefeated - AlbavisionAlly - Albavision - Pres - Denuncio2001 - Denuncio - fakejobs -
Congress: web - live - 2015lead - 2015board - MonttPortilloDominate - Rabbe2015 - RemigioAngelGonzalezTV -
2015 La Linea summary: wirtz - dada - goldman -
2015 La Linea: arrests - caught - 425protest - 500boxes - PerezReaction - PerezTaxEvader - MonzonReward - 40% - resign - resign - resign - resign - announcement - bailbribe - laR - chimney - Cojulun - Stalling - replacement - guardian - MaldonadoAguirre - PerezMonzon - protest520 - USpolicy - roiling - turmoil - turmoil - PerezAlone - may30 - CacifProp - protests - Stalling - korybko - USambasador - summary - PerezCSJ - PerezCSJ - customsChaos - Operation - 8cases - consitutionalImpasse - spurious - AnabellaLeon&SergioPerez - court - courtIncapable - robinson - oropeza - statecrisis - resignations - impeachUnanimus - nationalStrike - ImmunityRemoved - immunity - PPabandons - margolis - warrant - warrant - warrant - resign - resign - resign - resign - congress - transition - hearing - newGuate - accountsEmbargo - perez96 - MonzonConfession - Monzon - MonzonEco - EcoDocs - importers - importers - importers - Monzon - Monzon200pTellAll - 30yrcorruption -
Alejandro Maldonado Aguirre reign: cabinetquit - savenation - revealed - russell -
Miguel Angel Asturias 1899-1974: chronicle -

Muadi: lahora -
Gudy Rivera Estrada: congress - challenge - unehelp - pressaccess - judges - judges - RiveraImpeach - RiveraImpeach - intimidation - Perez - 85decicion - 85 - immunity - audit -
Nineth Montenegro: wiki - GAM - prensa -
Estuardo Galdámez bribe of Enrique García: periodico - opinion - diputado - recording -
Alejandro Maldonado Aguirre: wiki - wikiguate - ijmonitor - cmi - ticotimes - s21 - resume -
Political Influence: cacif - cacif - cacifvsPerez -

Budget: 2012results - 2013 - doesntaddup - 2013passed - budget2013 - budget2013 - budgetchange - 2015 - 2000-2015 - 2015 - 2015 - 2015 - 2015 - 2015 - 2015 - 2015 - 2015short -

Election 2007: hauck - carr -

Election law: leyPartidos - constitution - Article 186 -
  2012reforms: summary -
Social Needs: worldbank -
Education Needs: educationWB2011 - pronade - cpr2003 - normales - 2012reform - snacks1Q - teacherEdReform -

Drug Cartels: riskareas - 2011 - DyncorpCounterNarcotics - DyncorpGAO - zeta - zetaOrg - zetaMonterrey - pbs - police - elfaro - torment - armyguns - fieser2011 - Lorenzana - LorenzanaArrest - groups - Tesucun - Sonsonate - CopanDrugs - ross - allison - fleischman - NicaraguaVigilance - meth - marazeta - ms13Salvador - marines - marines - Orellana2014 -


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Renap ID: delay -
Guate Crime: alertos - alertos - MexPhoneReg - busdrivers - crimezones - PazyPazRise - vigilantes - 300dead2014 - extortionCourt - pulmanKillings - merchantkillings - 900dead -
 AttyGenPick 2014: comisión postuladora - comision - comision - postulacion - CongressRep - PazyPazReplaceTimeline - Paz - PazOpposed - Pazdefense - PazAldana - AGrating - 26ranked - 6siglo - 6details - 6periodico - 6lahora - 6prensa - 6times - outrage - protest - punished - justicecorrupted - Aldana - flawed - corrupt - corrupt - objection - objection - violated - cicig - cicig - unconstitutional - unconstitutional - failed - PazInterview - PazInterview - PazInterview - objectionsRejected - AldanaResume - ThelmaAldana - Aldana - Aldana - Aldana - Aldana - Aldana - AldanaBeheading - Aldana - AldanaDay1 - AldanaDay2 - AldanaDay2 - AldanaElectric - YasminBarrios - AldanaDay3 - AldanaDay3 - AldanaDay3 - AldanaDay4 - TorreDefense - CongressSupport - Paz4monthslater - Paz5molater - ReinosoCharges - PazyPazDC - AldanaBudgetCut - unafraid - Paz2016 -
 Constitutional Court: cc - CSJ2017 -
 Supreme Court Judges 2014: nomadaProcess - outgoing - selfinterest - CorruptProcess - s21 - lahora - prensa - periodico - s21 - periodico - lahora - s21 - argue - meritscore - interviews - periodico - 117resumes-s21 - 472applications - 1027aps - conflict - NoriegaCofC - restrictAccess - 164excluded - experienceRating - experience - challenge - challenge - victims - victims - victims - Marroquin - 20excluded - constitution - reverse - points - purge - IACHR - 26opposed - 26opposed - SalasOpposition - Villatoro - 61elim - negotiations - psych - psych - 4-91points - 105 - 103 - CICIGcriticism - CICIGcriticism - SeranoCounters - CCtodecide - timeline - 105interviews - 105interviews - strategy - mafia - warforCourts - 34 - Baldetti - Perez - changeNeeded - continue - 110 - 158 - 252 - 252 - concealingVotes - MackDenounced - ending - ending - ending - ending - final26 - 26 - 26 - 26 - PartidoPatriotica - UNEdenounce - elected - elected - elected - elected - elected - elected - elected - elected - elected - elected - elected - elected - elected - elected - hasty - hasty - challenge - casesUpcoming - IACHR - OHCHR - meetchallenges - CarrilloChallenge - CarrilloDenied - PPLider - PP9Lider4 - PPLider - toponesfailed - critics - AccionCiudadana - Gomez - PDH - PDH - PDH - PDH - UN - clamor - judgesObject - Pallin - ConstitCourt - USAbar - ABA - CCsuspends - CCsuspends - CCsuspends - CCsuspends - CCsuspends - CCsuspends - CCsuspends - CCsuspends - cacif - judgeBribe - upside - clarify - reconsider - reconsider - reconsider - reconsider - proposalsMontenegro - proposals - proposals - proposals - proposals - proposals - proposals - CicigReform - collapseRohrmoser - outgoingPermSession - actors - actors - bribes - partyconflict - NGOwantredo - CitizenAction - USdarkmoney - fewcontests - RiosMonttAmnesty - SuspendAnticipation - openhearing - CicigRedo - CicigSueAnnul - AuditBudgetCut - 2excluded - 32court - 32court - 32court - 13seated - challenges - reformhard - swornin - assignments - Baquiax - UN - reform - cicigReform -
 Appeals Court Judges 2014: merit - chosen - EscobarQuit - Escobar - Escobar - Escobar - Escobar - Escobar - cicig - PDH - monitor - Fernandez - EscobarCC - CC - CC - BaldettiInterfered - RiveraImpeach - RiveraImpeach -
Legal Justice CANG Courts postulators nominations to president by deans: insight - insight - politicized - postulators - postulators - postulators - CC - reform - 10processes - 6deans - vote - 2016changes -
Freddy Cabrera: CC - messenger -
CC: 3badJudges2014 -

Guate IP: iporg - rpi - 03 -
Guate Real Estate Realty Housing Property: prensalibre - REguate - mundoanuncio - kontactos - anuncios - Murray Property rules - viviun - escapeartist - google -proper - intldom - remax - MercadoTierra - title: National Registry for Property - regfraud - - worldbank - worldbankGua - ChrisGuateRealty - housingdeficit -
OCRET reservas public land by water 7 Av 12-23 Z-9 Edif Etisa Nv 6: plazapub - maga - blog - law -

Guate Residence Migration Expat (visa in travel): 8-430, via3 ruta4: Immig 6Av3 (ruta) Z4 2411-2411 - 7A1-17 Z4 2361-8476 - Immig 4C4-37 Z9 2360-8540 - RelExt 2Av4-17 Z10 - migracion - migracionLaw - visa - forms - offices - pensionado - escape - cochisecourt - NYCbirth - docCertif - law - frommer - Tapachula - MoonLivingGuate -
Guate import-export: aduanaCustoms - customsMail 7Av 11-67 z1 - SAT - UFla - UPSguate - pharmaceutics - rulesbnet - dirla - customsData - anglo - ita - tarrifJ2003 - cropaExpress - exports2010 - servicesummitSept - newworldCrafts - cardamon2012 - balance - chinaInvestment -
copyright: iipa - 1998 - 2003 - fees - exports2013Jan -
Free Trade Zones: zolic - MinisterioEcon - pronacom - monographias -
Big Business: CorpMultiInversiones (Gutierrez, PolloCampero) -
Dry Canal Landbridge Corridor: 2014 - Reyes - pipeline - alianza -

Environment Regulation: CIM - MARN - MinEnvirNatResBidAudit - iclg - iclg - EnvLawyersGua - lawyersMartindale - conap - conapProtectedLaw - CONAPdenuncia - Inguat - cathalac(ciencia,ed) - servirair - chemimports -
Reserves: reservas - NatureConservancyJorge Cardona Rivas - vivamos -
INFOM fomento muni 2422-6900 8 calle 1-66 zona 9: infom - blog - fb - wikiguate - law - law04 -

MINING

Mining: MinEnergiaMinas - MEMreg4897 120Q/km - ApReqInvest - GuateMiningNews - RepGuate - miningwatch - miningmag - Xinka - MiningVsTourism - mineroyalty - Gold528mil2010 - Goldexports - Urrutia - GremialIndustExtractivas - polarisfluids - royalty4% - royalty4% - miningbariers - debate - royalty2012 - 105-2012 - 105-2012 - newrules2012 - newrules2012 - newrules2012 - companies - mines - statusSep12 - removingCommunityInput - miningletdown2012 - reform2012 - reformdoubt - fraserMiningSurvey - 2013challenge - deafear - 2013poll - moratorium2013 - proposals - Small2014 - nationalSecurity - royalty10% -
Mining & Local Human Indigenous Environmental Rights: minejobs6k - Willems - Fulmer - SandtCordaid09 - rightsaction - rightsaction - rights - courtruling - resistance - maetehnika - Mychalejko - Mychalejko - CanadaChernos - SocialEcoCost - participation - participation - yahora - ProcuradorDerechosHumanos -
  Izabel area: NiReservesHuge - SierraCaral -
  Fenix Estor, Compania Guatemalteca de Niquel, nickel: Solway170M - solway - solway1.5Bil - CGNsolway - estainless - minewatch - Hudbay - Hudbay - Hudbay - HudbaySkye08 - Skye06 - Skye - Skye - lawsuit - Chaman - claim - PlazaSep2011 - arrest - rapecase - DClobby - solwayLicense - reopen - justice - yearsFighting -
  Izabal Mayaniquel Nueva Caledonia nickel: Anfield - AnfieldTest - TestJul10 - TestAug10 - TestJun11 - TresJuanesNor - Anfield2% - TresJuanesSur - TJSNov10 - SecholLicense - MayaniquelLicense - Anfield2014 -
  Cerro Colorado: Cunico-Guaxilan - cunico - prezi -
Gold Cyanide: wiki - nwmt - greenpeace -
  Marlin gold HueHue Ixcanichel between San Miguel Ixtahuacan and Sipacapa: upside - profit&tax - tour - dominion - wiki - Sipakapa - Ixtahuacán - SanMiguelWiki - Milne - tribunal - GoldcorpMontana - Goldcorp - GoldcorpWiki - GC2010 - GC07 - GC2010 - GC2011 - GC04 - Jeannes - MarlinReportUMich - VP - googlemap - photo - GoldcorpBuysGlamis - glamis - glamis - MEM2010Octa - hearingSep2012 - license2012 - jazeravideo - ChocoyosPermitIllegal - fightback - spillway -
  Marlin resistance: mimundo - sanmiguel - camiGuaWatch - iphu - octopup - GCoutofGuate - metaltox - metalexposure - QuivichilPollution - metalsCopae09 - metalsCopae09es - metalsBasu10 - voteclose2011 - bbc08 - paley07 - ghrc - diadora - film - 2013 - movimiento -
  Ixtahuacan Antimony BacTech-Minas de Guatemala: IldelfonsoIxtahuacan - IldIxt - 2010 - mimundo - purchase -
  Sastre Sanarate Progresso gmap 271ha Tierra Blanca oldpits>GOLAZO LEXR-064 Rocas ElTambor>02Goldfields55/Radius45>04Radius>04Aurogin >07Morgain>Castle - 2009>Argonaut>2010 Rocas El Tambor: radius01 - radius03sec - radius04 - Sastre05 - Sastre07 - Aurogin - Aurogin - aurogin05 - infomine05 - aurogin06 - 518000oz - castle - infomine09 - argonaut - argonaut11 - protest2011nolicense - 24hr - castle24hr - rocas - sold2010 - soldtopartner1.3m - licenseSuspended -
   Sansare obsidian between Sanarate & Jalapa: (Braswell, Anc Mesoam 3:47 1992)
   Joaquina: map -
   San Jose del Golfo: radius - tierra - wiki - kids - siege2014 - CholenaDivided -
   San Pedro Ayampuc (n GuaCity): wiki - 2012 - prensa - siglo21 - water - blog - TrecsaProtest - TrecsaProtest -
   Sanarate: sanarate - wiki - mapalandia - Arenal -
   Cerro Blanco - Asuncion Mita (Jutiapa, by El Salvador) Goldcorp Entre Mares GeotermiaOriental geoguat, by Ixtepeque: ips - upside - cneecedula - mita - goldcorp - dewater - 16studies - 16studies - environ - salvador - Goldcorp>Bluestone 18M+10% -
    Tambor Exmingua between Ayampuc & San Jose: history - GF03 - radius03 - radius04 - (Fortuna option05) - radius06 - radius09 - radius09 - 2012permit - Oqueli - KappesDenial - radius>kappes - radius>kappes2012 - tension - constructionPolitics - Puya - protesteviction - ExminguaProtest - teargas - teargas - puya - busted - Moran - beast - policecost - suspend - PuyaSuspended - KappesHelicopter2016 -
  SanJosedeGolfo Tambor Radius-Kappes: radius - radius - Oqueli - Oquelí -
  Radius-Holly-Banderas Chiquimula: radius - radiusHB - radius - SilverTest - PyramidHillzone - 2011 - samples2011 - radius12 -
  Escobal silver Sta Rosa, San Rafael Flores: timeline - TahoeEscobal - tahoe - wiki - TahoeGoldcorpCB - develop - infomine - GCsellsEscobal2010-60%230mil - GoldcorpTahoe - 245miloz - permit - 317miloz2014 - 365miloz - concern - resistance - opposition - conditions - upsidedown - tourism - StaRosa - wiki - muni - muni - map - molina - drilling - voteno - tahoeLicense - eviction - guardarrest - rebelion - rebelion - seige - killorder - killorder - killorder - Tahoe - localsblock - discord - latinomineria - production - ready - tahoeEarnings2013 - bbc - siege - TahoeExpansion - confinement - 20Moz - mayorinUS -
  El Escorpion: Chesapeake>Gunpoint2012 - ChesaHuntGunpoint - ChesaHuntGunpoint - Chesapeake -
 Firestone: Firestone - FVgua - Fgua11 - F11 -
  Quetzal zinc-lead-barium 100miN of Gcity Firestone: FVfactsheet - FVpics - assay - assay - assay - assay -
  Firestone Cerro Tzumuy:
  Firestone Coban:
  Firestone Llano del Coyote:
  Firestone Orbita Huehue:
  Firestone Orbita Torlon 8 km NW of Huehue zinc-lead-silver: FVfactsheet - map - map - ammonialeach - AlexanderMining - ammleach - FVpics - develop -
  Firestone La Luna 80 km N of Gcity zinc-lead-silver: market -
  Firestone Selegua & Saturno II:
  Firestone Sacapulas (gold, silver and zinc):
  Goldex Cerro Las Minas:
  Goldex El Morro & El Mojon:
  Goldex El Pato Chiquimula: goldexnews - goldex - goldex04 - goldex11 - mktwire - map - map - KlauneDrill - assay2011 -
  Geomina (Bilojom-Neva) barium, copper, lead, zinc, silver:
  Guate Cooper (Neva) zinc, lead, platinum:
  Cazadores de Sueños (Sacapulas-Nebaj: limestone, gypsum, clay):
  Nichfomet S.A. y Guatemala S.A. (Uspantan y Chicamán: nickel, silver and copper): license2012 -
  Rio Nickel S.A. (Uspantan: gold y silver):
  Oxec Alta Verapaz Transmetales Copper exhausted
  MayanIron Tikal Sands: MYN - IPO - 2010 - 2010assay - extension - environmentimpact - reject11 - cancel2011 - realiani -


ENERGY
 MinEnergiaMinas - MEMannualStats - MEMoverview07 - MEMplan07 - ahguate - EnergyLaw - investGua2013 - investGua - resourcemap - useia - IDB2010 - openei - CIA - indexmundi - info2000 - socGeolGua - iarna - umn - Investprojects - CarmenUrizar - 2026plan - meeting2015 -
  
ELECTRIC:
 Electric Suspension Outage Noticias: EEGSAprogramadasbyINDE - EEGSAnoticias - EEGSA - Energuat -
 General: privatization2000 - Coal 22% - blackout2014 - conflictdecades - AssocNacGeneradores -
  Energuate (Israeli IC Power of Kenon Holdings): 1999 Elect Occidente to Deocsa (Fenosa);  2011 Deocsa to Energuate (Actis): ActisEnerguate - ActisBuyFenosa$500M - ActisDeocsa - actis - actis - actis - EnerguateActis - fenosa08 - protestTotonicapan2012 - theft2014 - DemocraciaResistance - ICkenonEnerguate$300M - Kenon -
  EEGSA: 1998 Guate Elec to EEGSA (Iberdrola-Ultramar-Portugal); 2010 to (Medellin): EEGSA - history - sale2010 - debtrating -
  GuateGov: tenders & stats: CNEEcomisNacEnergElec2015 - CNEElect - CNEEtender - CNEEresoluciones11 - cneeDistrib - cneeTransmission - tender2012 - 600mwTender2012 - 421award2012 - importfromMexico - FNLprotest - bids2013 - bids2013 - 86mwAward2013 - publicprivateclash - stats2010 - ElecPolicyumn - INdElectrictrification - INDEoverview05 - source&useIEA - grid - cad - electRepGuate - 800mw - windplaces - wellerdieselbarge - 166GWexport - 2014rates -
  Escuintla area electric: aeiAshmoreEnron - aeiIPOcanceled - Tequisate -
  Puerto Quetzal Power (PQP) barge oil: aei234mw - sidegua - quetzal -
  Jaguar Masagua 300mw: aei - aei - aei - groundbreak2010 - 2012 - Perez - centamer - panoramio - loans - jaguar - constructionDispute - opensoon - breach - bribes - MedinaFarfan -
  Duke > I-Squared : arizona 170mw & Las Palmas 90mw + 83mw: duke - palmas -
  San Jose Coal 132mw Masagua: powermag - alborada - tecocoal - tecocoal - tecosale2012 - teco>SurElectrica - teco>Sur - tecoSur - moran - $222milCase - $29milArbitration -
  Alborada 78mw oil:
  Magdalena San Isidro, San Jose La Gloria, Retalhuleu - coal 300mw : inaugurate - molina - ingenio - 6fl -
  Santa Lucía Cotzumalguapa coal Jun-Oct + bagasse: 62-98MW -
  Transmission line grid: trecsa - Trecsacitibankloan - geni - AtitlanPower -
 
  Geothermal: MEMareas - IGD - IGA - IGAstats - Asturias12 - GeothermalResourcesLatAmSandia99 - geothermalEnergyNews - geothermalAssoc&Weekly - bnamer - GRC - CAmData - usSciGov - Radius - Radius - Molten - Ormat - 2010 - ormat20mw - Manzo2000 - clean - comparison - arias - ecoseed - ecolguate - solarsolvents - resourcesAsturias08 - MoyutaSoGuaGoff91 - google - smuNorAmer - NorAmerMap - review - CostaRicaGeothermalDebate -
  Solar: quetsol - gransolar - horus50-Chiquimulilla -
  Geothermal regulation: invest - ElecLaw93-96Articulo16 - Law&rulesCNEE - ElecLaw9396en - chilelaw - chileDebacle -
   AmatitlanPacaya 24mw: ormat -
   CeibilloPacaya 100km2 25mw 071-2010: USGeothermal - USGeothermal - USGLincolnPark - 2010 - cneecedula - 2012 - 50mw@$145-15yr - 50mw - USG2013 - USGdrill - 255at4829ft -
   ZunilXela 28mw: aerialview - 1991blowout - 1991slide - 1991slide - history - Orzunil>Ormat2006 - osti - Menzies1991 - scius - asters -
   Atitlan 600km2: hora155 - cenadoj 155-2011 01/08/2011 - transdoc 155 - infile - portal - energren - eegsa - bnamer - webactivity - CentramAnnounce - Centram - Centram - Centram - CentramSitetrail - CentramPanama - plato - busweek - busweek - ramonita - asana - history - comment2012 - Julio Roberto Pérez, Centrales Geoelectricas, 4 Av. “A” 1-09 Zona 3 Mixco Res. El Castaño 2432-5046 -
   Joaquina: cenadoj 164 - transdoc 164 - infile -

   Hydroelectric (Chixoy history): damslist - industcards - damPlans - damsmap - damsmap - guateagua - LaVega ríos Suchum y Xacbal in Santa Maria Nebaj Quiché - XacbalChajul - Sep11 - CholomoPeten - Usamacinta - SamalaReu - 2015slowed - HydroDisputesHuehue - HydroConflictCoban -
    Hydro Xalala Ixcan (Chixoy Capon) 181mw: wiki - ixcan - periodico - intlriv - cmi - cmi - upside - s21 - perez - feasability - split - investors - brazil -
    Hydro PaloViejo Cotzal channel: generator - PaloViejo-ElPinal - PaloViejoHydro84mw - enel - ViejoEnel - begin - agreement -
   Hydro Raaxa 10mw: MEM2012 - license50yr -
   Hydro Renace San Pedro Carcha, Cabahon: cnee - energias - revista - IIcobra - IIprensa - carchaEcon -
   Hydro Sta Teresa Polochic: carma -
   Sta Rita Alta Verapaz $250m: conflict - dialog - protest - negotiation - guardian -
   Hydro Cobano-Aguacapa Escuintla: wiki - cnee - nomad - global - inauguration2011 - worldbank1977 -
   Hydro Cambalam Eulalia, Santa Cruz Barillas, Huehue: 201306 - 201308 - 201406 - dw - ended -
   Pojom in San Mateo Ixtatán: prensa - ConsejoPueblo -

 Wind: Viento Blanco 21mw San Vicente Pacaya, Escuintla: 2012 -
  San Antonio: vestas53mw -
  Petro oil: PetenMEM - parkviolation - YalcanixCitypeten - Yalcanix - Citypeten - truestar - energypedia - CAdata - 4milbarrels/yr - 15yr - 2011Lease - RepGuate - energypedia - energypedia - oilwatch - royalty10 - fenosa - fenosa - gasterminalManabique - YalcanixBid - 1.4milbarrels - Barillas - Landivar - CGV - tender2012 - tenderBogota - tender2012 - tender2012 - PetroLatina - PetroLatina06 - PetroLatAtzam2 - tender2012 - tender2013 - peten2013 - bids - bids - bids - MexicoPanamaGasLine - MexPanGas - leases2013 - Hevi -
   Perenco: Perenco - PerencoLagunaTigre - perencoXanGuate - perencoPeten - perencoYield - noEIScolom - noEIS -
   Quetzal: quetzal10 - quetzal11 - quetzal11 - quetzal>RealPetrol - RealPetrolVAB - Quetzal>StaMariaPetroColombia - QuetzalPetSale - QuetzalPet>SGS -
   Citation Range Atzam-4 & 5: Citation - CitationClean - Citation2012 - Citation - CitationLatAmRes - oilrush - Atzam4-2012 - atzam4pump - 2013 - 2mil - 140bpd - Atzam5 - Atzam5 - Atzam5 - Atzam5 - CTR2014 - CTR2014 -
   Pacific Rubiales-Flamingo: news - farm - 798 - Flamingo -
   San Diego 120: 2015 - sandiego -
   Petro Energy PESA Chocop: pesa - 15yrlicense - XanChocopFields - ChocopCrescent -
  Mexican Gas 600 km Oaxaca Salina Cruz to Escuintla: BillionPipe - prensa - pipeortanker -
 Coal: indexmundi -

Agriculture: palmoil - palmoil - Anacafe - Banasa - FECCEG - JatrophaSGbiofuel-Koch - palmoilripoff - palmoilverite - agExport - agExport - sugar -
Medical: ColegioMedicos -
Sugar Cane: workers -

NGO Social Service: PBI - wingsFamilyPlanning - namaste - soros - safepassage - ngonet - proyectogt - transitionsAbroad - wuqu'kawoq -

Guate Economy finances: economywiki - banguat - thebanker - Tax - WorldBank - laundering - taxless -
Guate Banks: turansa - Agromercantil - BanGuat - BancoAgroMercantil - Banrural - BIndustrial - BI-ATMlist - Reformador - G&T Continental - regalocard - MiCoope - CompartamosMicrocredit -
 Development Banks: promerica - promerica - promerica -

Driving law: adupva - visitguate -

Beer war AB vs Gallo: busweek - post - cerveceriacentroamericana - wiki -

Guatemala is the heartland of the Mayan world, with ten times as many pyramids as Egypt. Guatemala is the only country in Central America with a living Mayan culture. Ancient customs still remain and may be seen in all of the local markets and churches. There are 22 ethnic groups living in Guatemala that speak 23 different Mayan-based languages. On the Caribbean coast, the population is Afro-Caribbean and the people are known as garifunas.

Ah, Guatemala. Such a natural paradise of eternal spring, yet so victimized by imperialism. So rich in nature yet so depleted by centuries of exploitation. After the gold, lumber, bananas and coffee were exported for little gain to the populace, what remains is now the modern hope for an ecotourism renaissance. Those who walk lightly on the damaged earth are welcome to relax in the healing paradise.
Ah, Guatemala. Such a rich and complex and colorful culture yet so many have been compelled to wear polyester and sneak across borders. Millions still speak the old languages yet historians lie about how the culture died over a thousand years ago. The old culture thrives, mostly just good natured friendly people, intermingled with catholicism, evangelism, demons.

The lack of shipping ports provided some protection for this country of the Quetzal, so, unlike the rest of the Americas, an indigenous culture is still very alive with millions of people who speak the old languages and know as little Spanish as the foreign visitors. The rough mountains provided some protection when they repeatedly and pridefully rebelled against the imperialists.

© 2004-2013 Soaring Bear; your comments & corrections are welcome